Palmer is a city in Pocahontas County, Iowa, United States. The population was 214 at the 2000 census.
Palmer is located at 42°37′51″N 94°36′0″W (42.630929, -94.599948). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 214 people, 100 households, and 58 families residing in the city. The population density was 502.8 people per square mile (192.2/km²). There were 104 housing units at an average density of 244.3 per square mile (93.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.33% White, 3.74% African American, 0.47% Native American and 0.47% Asian.
There were 100 households out of which 21.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 2.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.0% were non-families. 38.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 21.5% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 25.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 114.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $45,250. Males had a median income of $27,778 versus $16,875 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,775. About 10.9% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.4% of those under the age of eighteen and 5.5% of those sixty five or over.
Palmer had many successful semi-pro baseball teams in the heyday of town teams.
Palmer's high school boys' basketball team had a long run of success in the 1980s, winning three straight state championships from 1986 to 1988. Its teams scored record numbers of points, and its games were played in front of packed crowds. Ultimately, the team won 103 straight games, setting the state record.